Disease Pattern Information

Disease Pattern Information

  • Acidosis, Metabolic
  • Hepatic Failure
  • Hyperparathyroidism
  • Lead and its Compounds
  • Nephrotic Syndrome
  • Non-medicinal Metals
  • Peritonitis
  • Pneumonia, Resolving
  • Pneumonia, Viral
  • Renal Failure, Chronic
  • Septicemia
  • Tetanus

Metabolic Acidosis

Increased levels:
SGOT            CO2             Calcium         LDH
WBC             Phosphorus      Potassium

Other corroborating tests:
Increased levels:
Calcium – urine                 Lactic Acid – blood
Potassium – urine
Decreased levels:
2,3-Diphosphoglycerate – red blood cells
pCO2 – blood
pH – blood, urine

Hepatic Failure

Increased levels:
Alkaline Phosphatase    SGPT            SGOT            CO2
Bilirubin, Total        Creatinine      Globulin        LDH
Decreased levels:
Albumin         Cholesterol     Glucose         Phosphorus

Other corroborating tests:
Increased levels:
Alpha-Fetoprotein – serum       Amino Acids – urine
Ammonia – blood                 BSP Retention – serum
Cephalin Flocculation – serum   Cholesterol, High
Density Lipoprotein – serum
RBC – urine                     Leucine – urine
WBC – urine                     pH – blood
Prothrombin Time – plasma       Sodium – serum, urine
Thymol Turbidity – serum        Tyrosine – urine
Hyline Casts – urine            BUN – serum
Decreased levels:
Beta-Glucuronidase – serum      Factor II – plasma
Factor V – plasma               Factor VII – plasma
Factor IX – plasma              Factor X – plasma
Fibrinogen – plasma             Glomurular Filtration
Rate (GFR) – urine
Glucose Tolerance – serum       Haptoglobin – serum
Hippuric Acid – urine           Magnesium – serum
Nickle – serum                  pCO2 – blood
Platelet Count – blood          Sodium 0 serum, urine
Somatomedin-C – serum           BUN – serum
Vitamin A – serum

 

Hyperparathyroidism

Increased levels:
Alkaline Phosphatase    Calcium         Creatinine      BUN
Uric Acid
Decreased levels:
CO2             Cholesterol     Hematocrit      Hemoglobin
Phosphorus      Triglycerides

Other corroborating tests:
Increased levels:
1,25-Dihydroxy-Vitamin D3 – serum     Acid Phosphatase – serum
Alpha2-Globulin – serum                 Amino Acids – urine
Antibody Titer – serum                  Calcium – urine
Chloride – serum                        Citrate – serum, urine
Copper – serum, urine                   Cyclic Adenosine Monophosphate – urine
Erythrocyte Sedimentation Rate – blood  Gastrin – serum
Hydroxyproline – urine                  Parathyroid Hormone – serum
Insulin – serum                         pH – urine
Phosphorus – urine                      Potassium – serum, urine
Pyrophosphate – synovial fluid          Sodium – urine
Volume – urine                          Zinc – serum
Normal levels:
Chloride – serum         Cyclic Adenosine Monophosphate – urine
Thyroid Stimulating Hormone (TSH) – serum
Thyroxine (T4) – serum
Thyroxine, Free – serum     Tri-iodothyronine, Reverse – serum
Decreased levels:
Calcitonin – serum                      Calcium – urine
Creatinine Clearance – urine            Magnesium – serum
pCO2 – blood                            Potassium – serum
Specific Gravity – urine                Tri-i

 

Lead and its Compounds, Toxic Effects

Increased levels:
Bilirubin, Total                Eosinophils         Iron, Total             BUN          Uric Acid
Decreased levels:
RBC                     Hematocrit Hemoglobin              WBC
MCH                     MCHC

 Other corroborating tests:
Increased levels:
Alanine – urine                         Aldolase – serum
Amino Acids – urine          Aminolevulinic Acid – serum, urine
Basophilic Stippling – blood  Beta-Amino-Isobutyric-Acid – urine
Citrate – urine                         Copper – red blood cells
Coproporphyrin -urine, red blood cells  Erythrocyte Sedimentation Rate – blood
Erythrocyte Survival – red blood cells  Fructose – urine
Glucose – urine                         Glycine – urine
Hemoglobin A1C – blood                  Hemoglobin, Free – serum, urine
Lead – blood, urine, feces              MCV – blood
Phosphate – urine                       Porphyrins – urine
Protein – urine, CSF                    Protoporphyrin – red blod cells
Reticulocytes – blood                   Urobilinogen – urine
Uroporphyrin – urine
Normal levels:
Porphobilinogen – urine
Decreased levels:
Aminolevulinic Acid Dehydrase – red blood cells
MCV – blood
Osmotic Fragility – red blood cells
Platelet Count – blood
Uric Acid – urine

 

Nephrotic Syndrome

Increased levels:
Alkaline Phosphatase    Basophils       Creatinine      Eosinophils
GGT                     LDH             WBC Neutrophils
Phosphorus              Triglycerides   Uric Acid
Decreased levels:
Albumin         Calcium         Globulin        Lymphocytes

Other corroborating tests:
Increased levels:
131I Uptake – serum                     Albumin – urine
Aldosterone – urine, plasma             Alpha1-Antitrypsin – serum
Alpha1-Globulin – urine                 Alpha2-Globulin – serum
Alpha2-Macroglobulin – serum            Alpha-Fetoprotein – serum
Beta2-Macroglobulin – urine             Beta-Globulin – serum, urine
Calcium – feces                         Cholesterol – serum
Cholesterol, Low Density Lipoprotein – serum    Cholesterol, Very Low Density Lipoprotein – serum
Chylomicrons – serum                    RBC – urine, ascitic fluid
Erythrocyte Sedimentation Rate – blood  Factor VII – plasma
Factor V – plasma                       Factor VIII – plasma
Factor X – plasma                       Fatty Casts – urine
Fibrinogen – plasma                     Fibrinopeptide A – plasma
Fibrin Split Products (FSP) – urine     Haptoglobin – serum
Hemoglobin A1C – blood                  Immunoglobulin IgA – serum
Immunoglobulin IgE – serum              Immunoglobulin IgM – serum
Immunoglobulins – urine                 Iron – serum
LDH – urine     Lactate Dehydrogenase Isoenzyme 5 (LD5) – serum
Leucine Aminopeptidase – serum          WBC – ascitic fluid
Lipids – serum, urine                   Lipoproteins – serum
Lipoproteins, Beta – serum              Lipoproteins, Prebeta – serum
Magnesium – urine                       Oval Fat Bodies – urine
pH – pleural effusion                   Phospholipids, Total – serum
Platelet Count – blood                  Protein – urine
Pseudocholinesterase – serum            T3 Uptake – serum
Thromboplastin Generation – blood       BUN – serum
Normal levels:
Immunoglobulin IgM – serum
Decreased levels:
17-Hydroxycorticosteroids – urine       17-Ketogenic Steroids – urine
17-Ketosteroids – urine                 25-Hydroxy Vitamin D3 – serum
Alpha1-Antitrypsin – serum              Alpha1-Globulin – serum
Alpha2-Antiplasmin – serum              Amino Acids – plasma
Antidiuretic Hormone – serum            Antithrombin III – plasma
Apolipoprotein AI – serum               Beta2-Macroglobulin – serum
Butanol Extractable Iodine (BEI) -serum Calcium – urine
Ceruloplasmin – serum                   Cholesterol – serum
Cholesterol, High Density Lipoprotein – serum   Copper – serum
Factor XI – plasma                      Factor XII – plasma
Glomerular Filtration Rate (GFR) -urine Immunoglobulin IgA – serum
Immunoglobulin IgG – serum              Immunoglobulins – serum
Iron – serum                            Iron-Binding Capacity, Total – serum
LDH – pleural effusion                  Magnesium – serum
Nickel – serum                          Protein – pleural effusion, ascitic fluid
Protein Bound Iodine (PBI) – serum      Sodium – urine
Specific Gravity – pleural effusion     Thyroxine (T4) – serum
Thyroxine Binding Globulin – serum      Tri-iodothyronine (T3) – serum
BUN – serum                             Volume – plasma
Zinc – serum

Non-medicinal Metals, Toxic Effects

Increased levels:
SGPT            Alkaline Phosphatase    SGOT            Calcium
Cholesterol     Creatinine              Eosinophils     BUN
Decreased levels:
CO2             RBC                     Hematocrit
Hemoglobin      Sodium

Other corroborating tests:
Increased levels:
Albumin – urine                 Arsenic – urine
BSP Retention – serum           Casts – urine
Cephalin Flocculation – serum   Coproporphyrin – urine
RBC – urine                     Erythorcyte Sedimentation Rate – blood
Guanase – serum                 Isocitrate Dehydrogenase – serum
WBC – blood                     Protein – urine
Pyruvate – blood                Reticulocytes – blood
Thymol Turbidity – serum
Decreased levels:
WBC – blood
Phosphate – urine

Peritonitis
Increased levels:
Hematocrit      Hemoglobin      WBC
Neutrophils     Sodium          BUN
Decreased levels:
Albumin         Potassium
Other corroborating tests:
Increased levels:
Aldosterone – plasma, urine             Amylase –
serum, ascitic fluid
Catecholamines – plasma, urine          Eosinophils –
ascitic fluid
RBC – ascitic fluid, peritoneal fluid   Glucocorticoids – plasma
WBC – ascitic fluid                     Lymphocytes –
ascitic fluid
Monocytes – ascitic fluid, peritoneal fluid
Neutrophils – pleural effusion, ascitic fluid
Protein – ascitic fluid, peritoneal fluid
Specific Gravity – peritoneal fluid
Decreased levels:
Glucose – ascitic fluid
Volume – plasma
Pneumonia, Resolving
Increased levels:
SGOT    WBC             Neutrophils     Uric Acid
Decreased levels:
CO2     Hematocrit      Hemoglobin
Other corroborating tests:
Increased levels:
LDH – serum                     Lymphocytes – lung tissue
Neutrophils – pleural effusion  pH – blood
Plasma Cells – lung tissue
Normal levels:
LDH – serum
Decreased levels:
Oxygen Saturation – blood
pCO2 – blood
pO2 – blood

 

Pneumonia, Viral

Increased levels:
Alkaline Phosphatase    SGOT    CO2
Eosinophils             LDH
Decreased levels:
Cholesterol     Hematocrit      Hemoglobin
Other corroborating tests:
Increased levels:
Antidiuretic Hormone –
serum            Carcinoembryonic Antigen – pleural effusion
Eosinophils – pleural effusion          LDH – pleural effusion
Lactate Dehydrogenase Isoenzyme 5 (LD5) – serum
WBC – blood                             Lymphocytes – blood
Neutrophils – blood                             pCO2 – blood
Protein – pleural effusion              Specific
Gravity – pleural effusion
Normal levels:
Isocitrate Dehydrogenase – serum        WBC – blood
Decreased levels:
Glucose – pleural effusion              WBC – blood
Lymphocytes – blood                     Lymphocyte
T-Cell – blood
Neutrophiles – blood                    pH – pleural effusion
pO2 – blood
Renal Failure, Chronic
Increased levels:
SGPT            Alkaline
Phosphatase    Cholesterol     Creatinine
Glucose         LDH                     MCV
Neutrophils
Phosphorus      Triglycerides           BUN
Uric Acid
WBC
Normal levels:
Bilirubin, Total
Globulin
Decreased levels:
Albumin         CO2             Calcium         RBC
Hematocrit      Hemoglobin      Lymphocytes     MCHC
Protein
Other corroborating tests:
Increased levels:
2,3-Diphosphoglycerate – red blood cells        Acid
Phosphatase – serum, urine, red blood cells
Alanine – urine                                 Albumin – urine
Aldosterone – plasma,
urine                     Alkaline Phosphatase – urine
Alpha1-Globulin –
serum                         Alpha2-Globulin – serum
Aluminum – serum                                Amino
Acids – plasma, urine
Ammonia – blood                                 Amylase
– serum, urine
Angiotensin-Converting Enzyme (ACE) –
serum     Antinuclear Antibodies – serum
Beta2-Macroglobulin –
urine                     Calcitonin – serum
Calcium – serum                                 Casts – urine
Catecholamines – plasma                         Cells –
urine, bone marrow
Cholesterol, Very Low Lipoprotein –
serum       Cortisol – plasma
Creatine – serum, CSF                           Cyclic
Adenosine Monophosphate – plasma
Cystine –
serum                                 Epinephrine – plasma
Erythrocyte Sedimentation Rate –
blood          Erythropoietin – serum
Factor VIII –
plasma                            Fibrogen – plasma
Fibrin Split Products (FSP) – plasma            Gastrin – serum
Glucogan – plasma                               Glucose – urine
Glucose-6-Phosphatase – serum                   Gycerol – serum
Granular Casts – urine                          Growth
Hormone – serum, urine
Hemoglobin, Free –
serum                        Hexosaminidase – urein
Insulin – serum, urine                          Iron – serum
LDH – urine                                     WBC – urine
Lipids –
serum                                  Lipoproteins – serum
Lipoproteins, Beta –
serum                      Lipoproteins, Prebeta – serum
Lysozyme –
urine                                Magnesium – serum, red blood cells, sweat
Monocytes –
urine                               Norepinephrine – serum
Osteocalcium –
serum                            Parathyroid Hormone – serum
pH – urine, pleural
effusion                    Phosphate – sweat
Platelet Count –
blood                          Potassium – serum, urine, feces, red
blood cells
Protein –
urine                                 Protoporphyrin – red blood cells
Reticulocytes – blood                           Sodium
– serum, urine, red blood cells
Sulfate – serum                                 BUN – saliva
Uric Acid Clearance – urine                     Vitamin
A – serum
Normal levels:
Antithyroglobulin Antibodies –
serum            Beta-Globulin – serum
Chloride – serum                                LDH –
red blood cells
Metanephrines, Total –
urine                    Osmolarity – normal
Sodium – serum                                  Thyroid
Stimulating Hormone (TSH) – serum
Tri-idothyronine, Reverse –
serum               Vanillylamine – urine
Decreased levels:
131I Uptake –
serum                             1,25-Dihydroxy-Vitamin D3 – serum
17-Hydroxycorticosteroids –
urine               17-Ketogenic Steroids – urine
Alanine – serum                                 Ammonia
– plasma, urine
Arginine –
plasma                               Beta2-Macroglobulin – serum
Cadmium – serum                                 Calcium – urine
Chloride –
serum                                Creatinine Clearance – urine
Erythrocyte Survival – red blood cells          Factor
V – plasma
Factor VII – plasma                             Fatty
Acids, Free (FFA) – serum
Glomerular Filtration Rate (GFR) –
urine        Glutamic Acid – serum
Iron –
serum                                    Iron-Binding Capacity, Total
(TIBC) – serum
LDH – pleural
effusion                          Magnesium – serum
Osmolarity – urine                              pCO2 – blood
pH – blood                                      Plasma
Cells – serum
Potassium –
serum                               Reticulocytes – blood
Sodium – serum, urine, red blood
cells          Specific Gravity – urine, pleural effusion
Threonine –
serum                               Thyroxine (T3) – serum
Tri-iodothyronine (T3) – serum, urine           Tyrosine – serum
Volume – plasma, urine

Septicemia
Increased levels:
SGPT            Alkaline
Phosphatase    SGOT            Creatinine
Globulin        Glucose                 LDH
Monocytes
Triglycerides   BUN                     Uric Acid
Decreased levels:
Albumin         Cholesterol     Hematocrit
Hemoglobin      Iron            Phosphorus
Other corroborating tests:
Increased levels:
5′-Nucleotidase –
serum                 17-Hydroxycorticosteroids – urine
17-Ketogenic Steroids – urine           Alanine – serum
Alkaline Phosphatase – leukocytes       Antitreptolysin
O – serum
Catecholamines – plasma, urine          Copper – serum
C-Reactive Protein – serum              Epinephrine – plasma
Erythrocyte Casts – urine               Erythrocyte
Sedimentation Rate – blood
Fibrin Split Products (FSP) – plasma    Glucose – urine
Glycine – serum                         Immunoglobulin
IgA – serum
Immunoglobulin IgD – serum              Insulin – blood
WBC – blood                             Methionine – serum
Neutrophils – blood                     Phenyalanine – serum
Prothrombin Consumption – blood         Prothrombin
Time – plasma
Lymphocytes – blood
Normal levels:
Complement C1q – serum                  Complement C2 – serum
Complement C4 – serum
Decreased levels:
Apolipoprotein A1 – serum               Apolipoprotein B – serum
Cholesterol, High Density Lipoprotein – serum
Complement C3 – serum
Complement, Total – serum               Factor II – plasma
Factor IV – plasma                      Fibrinogen – plasma
Glucose Tolerance – serum               Iron-Binding
Capacity, Total (TIBC) – serum
WBC – blood                             Lipids – serum
Lymphocytes – blood                     Neutrophils – blood
Platelet Count –
blood                  Pseudocholinesterase – serum
Reticulocytes – blood                   Thyroxine
Binding Globulin – serum
Tetanus
Increased levels:
SGPT    SGOT    LDH
WBC     Neutrophils
Decreased levels:
Lymphocytes
Other corroborating tests:
Increased levels:
Albumin – urinre                Aldolase – serum
CO2 – serum                     Catecholamines – plasma, urine
Creatine Kinase – serum         Erythrocyte
Sedimentation Rate – blood
pCO2 – blood                    pH – blood
WBC – urine
Decreased levels:
CO2 – serum                     pH – blood
pO2 – blood                     Pseudocholinesterase – serum

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